What are the possible complications of untreated prolactinomas?

Updated: Mar 25, 2018
  • Author: Venkatesh Babu Segu, MD, MBBS, DM; Chief Editor: Romesh Khardori, MD, PhD, FACP  more...
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Answer

Complications of untreated prolactinoma

  • Mass effects of the tumor may cause VF defects (and blindness), cranial nerve palsies, hydrocephalus, apoplexy (from hemorrhage/infarction into the tumor), [39]  and hypopituitarism (from compression of surrounding pituitary cells).

  • The effects of prolonged, untreated hyperprolactinemia can include hypergonadism, infertility, and osteoporosis.


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