What is included in the long-term monitoring of patients with Charcot arthropathy?

Updated: Jun 21, 2018
  • Author: Mrugeshkumar Shah, MD, MPH, MS; Chief Editor: Vinod K Panchbhavi, MD, FACS  more...
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Answer

Management following the removal of the cast includes lifelong protection of the involved extremity. Patient education and professional foot care on a regular basis are integral aspects of lifelong foot protection. After cast removal, patients should wear a brace to protect the foot. Many types of braces may be used, including a patellar tendon-bearing brace, accommodative footwear with a modified AFO, a Charcot restraint orthotic walker (CROW), and a double metal upright AFO. [16]

Custom footwear includes extra-depth shoes with rigid soles and a plastic or metal shank. If ulcers are present, a rocker-bottom sole can be used. Also, Plastazote inserts can be used for insensate feet. This regimen may be eliminated after 6-24 months, depending on clinical, radiographic, and dermal thermographic findings. Continued use of custom footwear in the postacute phase for foot protection and support is essential.

The total healing process typically takes 1-2 years. Preventing further injury, noting temperature changes, checking feet every day, reporting trauma, and receiving professional foot care also are important tenets of treatment.


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