Which medications in the drug class Monoclonal antibodies are used in the treatment of Scleritis?

Updated: Aug 29, 2019
  • Author: Manolette R Roque, MD, MBA, FPAO; Chief Editor: Andrew A Dahl, MD, FACS  more...
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Answer

Monoclonal antibodies

Selective immunomodulators that affect specific aspects of the inflammatory pathways.

Adalimumab (Humira)

Subcutaneous recombinant human IgG1 monoclonal antibody specific for human TNF. Indicated to reduce inflammation and inhibit progression of structural damage in moderate-to-severe rheumatoid arthritis. Reserved for those who experience inadequate response to one or more DMARDs. Can be used alone or in combination with MTX or other DMARDs. Binds specifically to TNF-alpha and blocks interaction with p55 and p75 cell-surface TNF receptors.

Infliximab (Remicade)

Intravenous chimeric IgG1k monoclonal antibody that neutralizes cytokine TNF-alpha and inhibits its binding to TNF-alpha receptor. Reduces infiltration of inflammatory cells and TNF-alpha production in inflamed areas. Used with MTX in patients who have had inadequate response to MTX monotherapy.

Rituximab (Rituxan)

Indicated to reduce signs and symptoms for moderately-to-severely active rheumatoid arthritis in combination with MTX. For use in adults who have experienced an inadequate response to one or more TNF antagonist therapies. Antibody genetically engineered. Chimeric murine/human monoclonal antibody directed against the CD20 antigen found on surface of B lymphocytes. Focal leukoencephalopathy is a lethal rare side effect that must be considered.


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