Which medical and ocular histories are characteristic of scleritis?

Updated: Aug 29, 2019
  • Author: Manolette R Roque, MD, MBA, FPAO; Chief Editor: Andrew A Dahl, MD, FACS  more...
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Past medical and ocular histories may elucidate systemic diseases, trauma, drugs, or surgical procedures that might cause scleritis:

  • Connective-tissue or vasculitic diseases
  • Infectious diseases
  • Miscellaneous diseases (eg, atopy, rosacea, gout, chemical injuries)
  • Blunt or penetrating ocular trauma
  • Drugs, such as pamidronate (Aredia), alendronate (Fosamax), risedronate (Actonel), zoledronic acid (Zometa), and ibandronate (Boniva)
  • Past ocular surgical procedures, especially within a year prior to the onset of scleritis, might be significant.

Past medical history is also important for discovering certain conditions (eg, gastric ulceration, diabetes, liver disease, anemia, renal disease, hypertension) that eventually might modify future therapy.

Past and present therapies and responses to these interventions should be investigated.

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