What is the general impact of diabetes mellitus (DM)?

Updated: Sep 02, 2021
  • Author: Abdhish R Bhavsar, MD; Chief Editor: Romesh Khardori, MD, PhD, FACP  more...
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Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a major medical problem throughout the world. Diabetes causes an array of long-term systemic complications that have considerable impact on the patient as well as society, as the disease typically affects individuals in their most productive years. [5] An increasing prevalence of diabetes is occurring throughout the world. [6] In addition, this increase appears to be greater in developing countries. The etiology of this increase involves changes in diet, with higher fat intake, sedentary lifestyle changes, and decreased physical activity. [7, 8]

Important aspects of workup regarding diabetic retinopathy include fasting glucose and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), fluorescein angiography, optical coherence tomography, and B-scan ultrasonography. Controlling diabetes and maintaining the HbA1c level in the 6-7% range are the goals in the optimal management of diabetes and diabetic retinopathy.

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