What is the role of surgery in the treatment of insulin resistance?

Updated: Aug 07, 2019
  • Author: Samuel T Olatunbosun, MD, FACP, FACE; Chief Editor: George T Griffing, MD  more...
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Answer

Improvement in insulin resistance occurs after bariatric surgery, such as gastric banding, sleeve gastrectomy, and gastric bypass, when carried out in carefully selected morbidly obese patients. [73] Bariatric surgery may be appropriate for patients with a body mass index (BMI) greater than 40 kg/m2 or greater than 35 kg/m2 in combination with high-risk comorbidities. It is the most effective treatment for obesity that is currently available, but it is reserved for patients who are unable to attain weight reduction after attempting noninvasive or less intense options. In severe cardiovascular disease, procedures such as coronary artery bypass graft and peripheral vascular surgery may be necessary.

Cosmetic and palliative treatments may be indicated in the treatment of many patients with insulin resistance syndrome, depending on the type and severity of physical anomalies (eg, epilation and electrolysis for hirsutism in patients with PCOS).


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