Which cardiovascular findings are characteristic of insulin resistance?

Updated: Aug 07, 2019
  • Author: Samuel T Olatunbosun, MD, FACP, FACE; Chief Editor: George T Griffing, MD  more...
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Answer

Cardiovascular findings associated with insulin resistance may include the following:

  • Signs of heart disease

  • Peripheral vascular disease - Abnormalities in pulses and arterial wall

  • Stigmata of lipid disorders - Suggests the possibility of underlying hyperlipidemia

  • Premature arcus cornealis - Deposits of cholesterol and phospholipid

  • Xanthelasma - Indicates that lipid status should be investigated

  • Lipemia retinalis - Retinal vessels with milky, chylomicron-rich plasma commonly observed in acute, uncontrolled diabetes

  • Skin xanthomata - Eruptive xanthomas found most commonly on the buttocks

  • Tendon xanthomata - Usually over the patellar and Achilles tendon


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