What is the prognosis of central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO)?

Updated: Apr 18, 2019
  • Author: Lakshmana M Kooragayala, MD; Chief Editor: Douglas R Lazzaro, MD, FAAO, FACS  more...
  • Print

For nonischemic CRVO, complete recovery with good visual recovery occurs only in about 10% of cases. Fifty percent of patients will have 20/200 or worse vision. About one third of patients convert to ischemic CRVO. CVOS noted that, of 547 eyes initially diagnosed to have nonischemic central retinal vein obstructions, 185 (34%) progressed to become ischemic central retinal vein obstructions within 3 years; 15% converted within the first 4 months.

For ischemic CRVO, more than 90% of patients will have 20/200 or worse vision. About 60% of patients develop ocular neovascularization with associated complications. About 10% of patients can develop CRVO or other type of vein occlusions within either the same eye or the contralateral eye within 2 years.

The long-term prognosis of CRVO has significantly improved with new anti-VEGF agents and steroids, maintaining good visual acuity for a long duration in most patients, except those with severe ischemic maculopathy. Development of neovascular complications has also decreased with continued monitoring and anti–VEGF treatment.

Did this answer your question?
Additional feedback? (Optional)
Thank you for your feedback!