Which medications in the drug class Antidiuretic hormone replacements are used in the treatment of Hypopituitarism (Panhypopituitarism)?

Updated: Jun 09, 2020
  • Author: Bernard Corenblum, MD, FRCPC; Chief Editor: Romesh Khardori, MD, PhD, FACP  more...
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Answer

Antidiuretic hormone replacements

These agents are used for the replacement of vasopressin.

Vasopressin (Pitressin)

This is an intramuscular or subcutaneous injection of an ADH analog that has vasopressor and ADH activity. It increases water resorption at the distal renal tubular epithelium (ADH effect) and promotes smooth-muscle contraction throughout the vascular bed of the renal tubular epithelium (vasopressor effects). It is rarely used today for long-term therapy.

Desmopressin acetate (DDAVP, Stimate)

This agent is a longer-acting ADH derivative that can be used intranasally (also orally and sublingually); it increases the cellular permeability of the collecting ducts, resulting in the resorption of water by the kidneys.


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