What are the signs and symptoms of varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infection in HIV infection?

Updated: Jun 12, 2019
  • Author: Robert A Copeland, Jr, MD; Chief Editor: Andrew A Dahl, MD, FACS  more...
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Answer

Answer

Clinical features of VZV infection that distinguish it from herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection include the following:

  • Complete dermatomal distribution

  • Increased pain

  • Smaller dendrites without central ulceration or terminal bulbs

  • Frequent scarring of skin

  • Frequent postherpetic neuralgia

  • Sectoral iris atrophy

  • No bilateral involvement

  • No recurrent lytic epithelial keratitis

  • Frequent corneal hypoesthesia


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