Which clinical history findings are characteristic of varicella-zoster virus keratitis in HIV infection?

Updated: Jun 12, 2019
  • Author: Robert A Copeland, Jr, MD; Chief Editor: Andrew A Dahl, MD, FACS  more...
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Answer

Answer

VZV infection usually manifests with fever, malaise, and cutaneous rash, which typically lasts 7-10 days. The cutaneous manifestations usually start as macules and progress to papules, vesicles, and, ultimately, pustules, which dry and crust. The vesicles may be on the eyelid margins or bulbar conjunctiva. Associated papillary conjunctivitis with membrane formation may be present. Other signs include decreased corneal sensation and increased intraocular pressure.


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