How is histoplasma chorioretinitis in HIV infection diagnosed?

Updated: Jul 21, 2021
  • Author: Luca Rosignoli, MD; Chief Editor: Andrew A Dahl, MD, FACS  more...
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Answer

Answer

In the workup, consider toxoplasmosis and multifocal choroiditis with panuveitis as differential diagnoses. Inquiring about possible time spent in the Ohio-Mississippi River Valley area is important. The Amsler grid should be used to assess the central visual field for each eye. Fluorescein angiography or OCT-A may be used to detect a choroidal neovascular membrane.


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