What is the prevalence of ocular complications in children with HIV infection?

Updated: Jun 12, 2019
  • Author: Robert A Copeland, Jr, MD; Chief Editor: Andrew A Dahl, MD, FACS  more...
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Answer

Answer

Children with HIV infection are less likely to have ocular manifestations, including cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis. [14] The reason for this difference is uncertain, but it may be related to an altered immune response to HIV or lower prevalence of CMV seropositivity in children. However, HIV-infected children are at increased risk for neurodevelopmental delay, which is often associated with neuro-ophthalmic complications.


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