What are most common orbital complications in HIV infection?

Updated: Jul 21, 2021
  • Author: Luca Rosignoli, MD; Chief Editor: Andrew A Dahl, MD, FACS  more...
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Answer

Orbital complications are uncommon in HIV-positive patients. The most common complications include orbital lymphoma and orbital cellulitis due to opportunistic organisms. Cases of orbital cellulitis secondary to Candida albicans, Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Aspergillus have been described. [14]  HIV-associated aspergillosis typically occurs in patients with CD4+ cell counts below 100/µL. Additionally, both HSV and VZV have been reported to affect extraocular muscles and their associated cranial nerves resulting in oculomotor palsy.


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