What is the role of Kaposi sarcoma in the ocular manifestations of HIV infection?

Updated: Jun 12, 2019
  • Author: Robert A Copeland, Jr, MD; Chief Editor: Andrew A Dahl, MD, FACS  more...
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Kaposi sarcoma is a painless mesenchymal-derived vascularized tumor that most often affects the skin and mucous membranes. It is caused by human herpesvirus type 8. Kaposi sarcoma is seen commonly in patients who are infected with HIV, where 3 histologic types of tumors have been described based on appearance of the vascular endothelium and the number of spindle cells.

Kaposi sarcoma occurs in about 25% of patients who are HIV positive. In about 20% of these patients, the eyelids or conjunctiva are affected. [2]

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