Which medications in the drug class Beta-adrenergic blockers are used in the treatment of Ophthalmologic Approach to Chemical Burns?

Updated: Oct 08, 2019
  • Author: Mark Ventocilla, OD, FAAO; Chief Editor: Andrew A Dahl, MD, FACS  more...
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Answer

Beta-adrenergic blockers

Topical beta-blockers reduce aqueous humor production, which then reduces IOP.

Timolol maleate 0.25%, 0.5% (Betimol, Istalol, Timoptic, Timoptic XE)

May reduce elevated and normal IOP, with or without glaucoma, by reducing production of aqueous humor or by outflow facilitation.

Levobunolol hydrochloride 0.25%, 0.5% (Betagan)

Nonselective beta-adrenergic blocking agent that lowers IOP by reducing aqueous humor production and possibly increasing outflow of aqueous humor.

Betaxolol ophthalmic (Betoptic S)

Selectively blocks beta 1-adrenergic receptors with little or no effect on beta 2-receptors. Reduces IOP by reducing production of aqueous humor.


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