What is the clinical presentation of perilimbal ischemia in chemical burns to the eye?

Updated: Oct 08, 2019
  • Author: Mark Ventocilla, OD, FAAO; Chief Editor: Andrew A Dahl, MD, FACS  more...
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Answer

Perilimbal ischemia: The degree of limbal ischemia (blanching) is perhaps the most significant prognostic indicator for future corneal healing because the limbal stem cells are responsible for repopulating the corneal epithelium. In general, the greater the extent of blanching, the worse the prognosis. However, the presence of intact perilimbal stem cells does not guarantee normal epithelial healing. The extent of blanching should be documented in terms of clock hours involved. Limbal ischemia also portends trabecular meshwork damage, eventual peripheral anterior synechiae, and recalcitrant glaucoma.


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