What is included in the physical exam to assess chemical burns to the eye?

Updated: Oct 08, 2019
  • Author: Mark Ventocilla, OD, FAAO; Chief Editor: Andrew A Dahl, MD, FACS  more...
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Answer

A thorough physical examination should be deferred until the affected eye is irrigated copiously, and the pH of the ocular surface is neutralized. Topical anesthetic drops may be used to aid in patient comfort and cooperation. After irrigation, a thorough eye examination is performed with special attention given to clarity and integrity of the cornea, degree of limbal ischemia, concomitant retained foreign bodies, conjunctival trauma, lid trauma, and IOP. Common physical manifestations of chemical injuries to the eye are discussed below.


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