What is the role of chemical cauterization in the treatment of xanthelasma?

Updated: Feb 08, 2021
  • Author: Andrew A Dahl, MD, FACS; Chief Editor: Edsel B Ing, MD, MPH, FRCSC  more...
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Answer

The use of chlorinated acetic acids has been found to be effective in the removal of xanthelasma. These agents precipitate and coagulate proteins and dissolve lipids. Monochloroacetic acid, dichloroacetic acid, and trichloroacetic acid have been used with good results. Haygood used less than 0.01 mL of 100% dichloroacetic acid with excellent results and minimal scarring. [7] Intralesional heparin sodium [9] and pingyangmycin [10] have been described for xanthelasma but are not yet conventional treatments.


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