Which histologic findings are characteristic of xanthelasma?

Updated: Feb 08, 2021
  • Author: Andrew A Dahl, MD, FACS; Chief Editor: Edsel B Ing, MD, MPH, FRCSC  more...
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Answer

Xanthelasma are composed of xanthoma cells. These are foamy histiocytes laden with intracellular fat deposits primarily within the upper reticular dermis. The main lipid that is stored in hyperlipidemic and normolipidemic xanthelasmas is cholesterol. Most of this cholesterol is esterified.


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