How is a breast exam conducted in the evaluation of gynecomastia?

Updated: Mar 22, 2018
  • Author: George Ansstas, MD; Chief Editor: George T Griffing, MD  more...
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Perform a thorough examination of the breasts, noting their size and consistency. In addition, determine the presence of any nipple discharge or axillary lymphadenopathy.

Differentiate between true gynecomastia and pseudogynecomastia. These 2 entities may be distinguished by having the patient lie on his back with his hands behind his head. The examiner then places a thumb on each side of the breast and slowly brings the thumbs together. In true gynecomastia, a ridge of glandular tissue will be felt that is symmetrical to the nipple-areolar complex. With pseudogynecomastia, the fingers will not meet until they reach the nipple.

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