What is the role of surgery in the treatment of gynecomastia?

Updated: Mar 22, 2018
  • Author: George Ansstas, MD; Chief Editor: George T Griffing, MD  more...
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Surgical approaches that may be considered include the following:

  • Reduction mammoplasty: Considered in cases of macromastia, long-standing gynecomastia, or failed medical therapy, as well as for cosmetic reasons

  • More extensive plastic surgery: May be considered in cases of marked gynecomastia or excessive sagging of the breast tissue from weight loss

  • Endoscopic subcutaneous mastectomy, without skin excision [5]

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