Which medications in the drug class Antiglaucoma, Combos are used in the treatment of Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma (POAG)?

Updated: Mar 16, 2020
  • Author: Kristin Schmid Biggerstaff, MD; Chief Editor: Inci Irak Dersu, MD, MPH  more...
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Answer

Antiglaucoma, Combos

Combination solution may further decrease aqueous humor secretion compared to each solution used as monotherapy, while improving compliance.

Timolol and brimonidine (Combigan)

Brimonidine is a selective alpha2 adrenergic receptor agonist and timolol is a nonselective beta-adrenergic receptor inhibitor. Each of these agents decrease elevated IOP, whether or not associated with glaucoma.

Timolol and dorzolamide (Cosopt, Cosopt PF)

Dorzolamide is a carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that decreases aqueous humor secretion, causing a decrease in IOP. This agent presumably slows bicarbonate ion formation with subsequent reduction in sodium and fluid transport. Timolol is a nonselective beta-adrenergic receptor blocker that decreases IOP by decreasing aqueous humor secretion.

Both agents administered together bid may result in additional IOP reduction compared with either component administered alone, but reduction is not as much as when dorzolamide tid and timolol bid are administered concomitantly.

Brinzolamide and brimonidine (Simbrinza)

This combination product contains the carbonic anhydrase inhibitor brinzolamide and the alpha2 adrenergic receptor agonist brimonidine. It is indicated for reduction of elevated intraocular pressure in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma.

Latanoprost/netarsudil ophthalmic (Rocklatan)

Fixed-dose combination of a Rho-kinase inhibitor and a prostaglandin F2-alpha analogue. Each drug increases outflow of aqueous humor and thereby lowers IOP. The ophthalmic combination is indicated for reduction of elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) in patients with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension.


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