What is the prognosis for glaucoma?

Updated: Jul 27, 2020
  • Author: Robert H Graham, MD; Chief Editor: Hampton Roy, Sr, MD  more...
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Most patients who are glaucoma suspect do not develop glaucomatous optic nerve damage and/or visual field loss. Overall, about 1% of individuals with ocular hypertension develop glaucoma per year. The risk is higher for patients with additional risk factors.

Glaucoma causes silent damage; follow-up care is essential to exclude any progressive change over time that may warrant treatment.

Left untreated, patients with optic nerve damage may progress, resulting in progressive loss of side vision and eventually total optic nerve atrophy and irreversible blindness.

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