What are the causes of spasmus nutans?

Updated: Oct 17, 2018
  • Author: Christopher M Bardorf, MD, MS; Chief Editor: Edsel Ing, MD, MPH, FRCSC  more...
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Spasmus nutans

  • Usually occurs in otherwise healthy children

  • Chiasmal, suprachiasmal, or third ventricle gliomas may cause a condition that mimics spasmus nutans.

Torsional - Lateral medullary syndrome (Wallenberg syndrome)

Abducting nystagmus of internuclear ophthalmoplegia

  • Demyelinating disease

  • Brain stem stroke

Gaze evoked

  • Drugs - Anticonvulsants (eg, phenobarbital, phenytoin, carbamazepine) at therapeutic dosages

  • Alcohol

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