Which medications in the drug class Immunosuppressants are used in the treatment of Stevens-Johnson Syndrome?

Updated: Jan 17, 2019
  • Author: C Stephen Foster, MD, FACS, FACR, FAAO, FARVO; Chief Editor: Andrew A Dahl, MD, FACS  more...
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Answer

Immunosuppressants

These agents inhibit key factors of the immune system, reducing overall immune activity.

Cyclosporine (Sandimmune, Neoral)

Cyclosporine is a cyclic polypeptide that suppresses some humoral immunity and, to a greater extent, cell-mediated immune reactions such as delayed hypersensitivity, allograft rejection, experimental allergic encephalomyelitis, and graft-vs-host disease for a variety of organs.

For children and adults, base dosing on ideal body weight.

Cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan, Neosar, Gengraf)

Cyclophosphamide is chemically related to nitrogen mustards. As an alkylating agent, the mechanism of action of the active metabolites may involve cross-linking of DNA, which may interfere with the growth of immune cells.


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