How is herpes simplex virus (HSV) endotheliitis characterized?

Updated: Jan 18, 2019
  • Author: Jim C Wang (王崇安), MD; Chief Editor: Andrew A Dahl, MD, FACS  more...
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Answer

The inflammation directed at the endothelium may cause endothelial decompensation and overlying stromal and epithelial edema.

Clinical signs of endotheliitis include keratic precipitates (KP), overlying stromal and epithelial edema, and absence of stromal infiltrate or neovascularization. A mild to moderate iritis is frequently seen. Patients present with pain, photophobia, and injection.


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