What is herpes simplex virus (HSV) keratitis?

Updated: Jan 18, 2019
  • Author: Jim C Wang (王崇安), MD; Chief Editor: Andrew A Dahl, MD, FACS  more...
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Answer

Herpes simplex virus (HSV) keratitis encompasses a variety of disease processes that HSV can cause in the human cornea. A variety of clinical manifestations of infectious and immunologic etiologies, such as infectious epithelial keratitis, neurotrophic keratopathy, necrotizing stromal keratitis, immune stromal keratitis (ISK), and endotheliitis, can affect all levels of the cornea. (See Pathophysiology, Etiology, and Presentation.)

Although more common as a manifestation of recurrent HSV infection, HSV keratitis may also be seen during a primary HSV infection. (See Workup.)


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