What is the prevalence of glucose intolerance disorders in the US?

Updated: Jun 28, 2019
  • Author: Samuel T Olatunbosun, MD, FACP, FACE; Chief Editor: George T Griffing, MD  more...
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Answer

Approximately 29 million people in the United States (9.3%) have diabetes, with 1.7 million new cases diagnosed in adults each year. The CDC estimates 25% of individuals with diabestes are undiagnosed. Eighty-six million adults aged 20 years and older have prediabetes. [19]

Type 1 diabetes, which usually occurs in children and adolescents, accounts for 5-10% of diabetes cases. Approximately 1 out of every 400-500 children and adolescents in the United States has type 1 diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes, which most commonly occurs in middle age, is the predominant form of clinical disease, constituting 90-95% of cases. This type of diabetes is reaching epidemic proportions. Minority populations, especially American Indians, Hispanic persons, African Americans, and Asian Americans are at particularly high risk.

Gestational diabetes develops in approximately 4% of pregnancies in the United States. The prevalence is 1-14%, depending on the population studied and the diagnostic criteria.


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