What is the global prevalence of sleep dysfunction in women in the US?

Updated: Jan 31, 2019
  • Author: Gila Hertz, PhD, ABSM; Chief Editor: Selim R Benbadis, MD  more...
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Answer

Across Europe, the prevalence of insomnia varies with France having the highest prevalence at 27% and the Netherlands having the lowest prevalence at 14%. However, across all the countries studied, women were significantly more affected by sleep disturbances than men.

In the Netherlands, the prevalence of general sleep disturbance was reported to be 32.1% of a population sample. Specifically, prevalence rates were: 43.2% for insufficient sleep, 8.2% for insomnia, 5.3% for circadian rhythm sleep disorder, 6.1% for parasomnia, 5.9% for hypersomnolence, 12.5% for restless legs disorder and limb movements during sleep, and 7.1% for sleep-related breathing disorder. Female adolescents reached the highest prevalence rates for most sleep disorders, insufficient sleep, and daytime malfunctioning. [22]

A Japanese nationwide survey of the general population reported the overall prevalence of insomnia to be 32.7%.

In a large study performed in China, the prevalence of reported sleep difficulties in the past month was 25%; slightly lower that the number reported by other countries. Like in other studies, Chinese females reported poorer sleep quality than men. However, the prevalence of general sleep disturbance did not differ between men and women in this very large sampled population. [23]

The estimated prevalence of SDB in a study from Iceland was reported at 2.5% for women aged 40–59 years.


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