What is required for a definite diagnosis of restless legs syndrome (RLS) in children?

Updated: Feb 22, 2017
  • Author: Ali M Bozorg, MD; Chief Editor: Selim R Benbadis, MD  more...
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Answer

RLS can be difficult to diagnose in children, especially younger ones. [22] For a definite diagnosis, patients must endorse the diagnostic criteria and be able to describe leg symptoms in their own language. [23] Alternatively, they must have the diagnostic criteria plus sleep disturbances, a sibling or parent with RLS, and a PLMS index higher than 5 on PSG. [22] For a possible diagnosis, a PLMS index higher than 5 on PSG and a first-degree family member with RLS are required. These strict criteria are intended to prevent overdiagnosis of RLS in children.


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