What is the basis for a diagnosis of restless legs syndrome (RLS) and what symptoms do patients typically report?

Updated: Feb 22, 2017
  • Author: Ali M Bozorg, MD; Chief Editor: Selim R Benbadis, MD  more...
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Answer

The diagnosis of restless legs syndrome (RLS) is based primarily on the patient’s clinical history. Often, patients do not bring RLS symptoms to the attention of the physician; accordingly, it can be helpful to include a few general sleep questions in the review of systems. RLS patients typically report dysesthetic sensations variously described as “pins and needles,” an “internal itch,” or a “creeping or crawling” sensation.


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