What are the functions of follicle-stimulating hormones (FSH) and luteinizing hormones (LH) in the female reproductive system?

Updated: Apr 01, 2020
  • Author: Serge A Jabbour, MD, FACP, FACE; Chief Editor: George T Griffing, MD  more...
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Answer

In women, LH stimulates estrogen and progesterone production from the ovary. A surge of LH in the midmenstrual cycle is responsible for ovulation, and continued LH secretion subsequently stimulates the corpus luteum to produce progesterone. Development of the ovarian follicle is largely under FSH control, and the secretion of estrogen from this follicle is dependent on FSH and LH. The granulosa cells of the ovary secrete inhibin, which plays a role in cellular differentiation.


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