What is inadequate sleep hygiene in insomnia?

Updated: Sep 11, 2018
  • Author: Jasvinder Chawla, MD, MBA; Chief Editor: Selim R Benbadis, MD  more...
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Inadequate sleep hygiene practices are evident by the presence of at least 1 of the following:

  • Improper sleep scheduling consisting of frequent daytime napping, selecting highly variable bed or rising times, or spending excessive amounts of time in bed
  • Routine use of products containing alcohol, nicotine, or caffeine, especially in the period preceding bedtime
  • Engagement in mentally stimulating, physically activating, or emotionally upsetting activities too close to bedtime
  • Frequent use of the bed for activities other than sleep (eg, television watching, reading, studying, snacking, thinking, planning)
  • Failure to maintain a comfortable sleeping environment

The sleep disturbance is not better explained by another sleep disorder, medical or neurologic disorder, medication use, or substance abuse disorder.

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