Which medical conditions are common in people with insomnia?

Updated: Sep 11, 2018
  • Author: Jasvinder Chawla, MD, MBA; Chief Editor: Selim R Benbadis, MD  more...
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Answer

In a retrospective community-based study, more people with chronic insomnia reported having the following medical conditions than did people without insomnia [44] :

  • Heart disease (21.9% with chronic insomnia vs 9.5% without insomnia)

  • High blood pressure (43.1% vs 18.7%)

  • Neurologic disease (7.3% vs 1.2%)

  • Breathing problems (24.8% vs 5.7%)

  • Urinary problems (19.7% vs 9.5%)

  • Chronic pain (50.4% vs 18.2%)

  • Gastrointestinal problems (33.6% vs 9.2%)

In addition, people with the following medical problems more often reported chronic insomnia than did patients without such medical problems [44] :

  • Heart disease (44.1% vs 22.8%)

  • Cancer (41.4% vs 24.6%)

  • High blood pressure (44% vs 19.3%)

  • Neurologic disease (66.7% vs 24.3%)

  • Breathing problems (59.6% vs 21.4%)

  • Urinary problems (41.5% vs 23.3%)

  • Chronic pain (48.6% vs 17.2%)

  • Gastrointestinal problems (55.4% vs 20.0%)

The sleep disturbance cannot be better explained by another sleep disorder, medical or neurologic disorder, medication use, or substance abuse disorder.


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