How is the risk of epileptic seizure recurrence assessed?

Updated: May 30, 2019
  • Author: David Y Ko, MD; Chief Editor: Selim R Benbadis, MD  more...
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Many neurologists use the risk factors for new-onset seizures to assess patients for discontinuation of anticonvulsants. Normal findings on an electroencephalogram (EEG) and a brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan lower the risk of relapse after drug discontinuation, whereas epileptiform or focal abnormalities on an EEG and/or focal cortical or limbic abnormalities on a brain MRI scan significantly increase the relapse risk.

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