What should be included in patient education about injury prevention during seizures?

Updated: May 30, 2019
  • Author: David Y Ko, MD; Chief Editor: Selim R Benbadis, MD  more...
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Answer

To prevent injury, provide education about seizure precautions to patients who have lapses of consciousness during wakefulness and in whom seizures are suspected. Most accidents occur when patients have impaired consciousness. This is one of the reasons for restrictions on driving, swimming, taking unsupervised baths, working at significant heights, and the use of fire and power tools for people who have epileptic seizures and other spells of sudden-onset seizures.

The restrictions differ for each patient because of the individual features of the seizures, the degree of seizure control, and, in the United States, state laws. Other countries have more permissive or more restrictive laws regarding driving. Check state driving laws before making recommendations.


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