Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with Tourette syndrome (TS) and other tic disorders?

Updated: May 30, 2019
  • Author: William C Robertson, Jr, MD; Chief Editor: Stephen L Nelson, Jr, MD, PhD, FAACPDM, FAAN, FAAP  more...
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Patients should be evaluated at least once by someone with experience treating patients with TS, and they should be informed about how to contact a local support group or the national Tourette Syndrome Association office.

Additional referrals may be needed for the following measures, depending on the needs of the patient and the skills of the primary physician evaluating the patient's TS:

  • Botulinum injections

  • Habit reversal therapy for tics; behavior therapy for OCD, ADHD, or conduct disorder; or psychiatric care of OCD, ADHD, or comorbid anxiety or depressive illness

  • Neuropsychological testing and educational interventions to address learning disabilities or to help formulate an individualized education program

  • Education of teachers, classmates, or work colleagues may be helpful [216]

  • Legal assistance (eg, to protect a child's educational rights under the federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act or for protection under the Americans with Disabilities Act)

  • Family counseling

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