What are the DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for persistent (chronic) motor or vocal tic disorder?

Updated: May 30, 2019
  • Author: William C Robertson, Jr, MD; Chief Editor: Stephen L Nelson, Jr, MD, PhD, FAACPDM, FAAN, FAAP  more...
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Answer

The specific DSM-5 criteria for persistent (chronic) motor or vocal tic disorder are as follows [5] :

  • Single or multiple motor or vocal tics (eg, sudden, rapid, recurrent, nonrhythmic, stereotyped motor movement or vocalizations), but not both, have been present at some time during the illness

  • The tics may wax and wane in frequency but have persisted for more than 1 year since first tic onset

  • The onset is before age 18 years

  • The disturbance is not due to the direct physiologic effects of a substance (eg, cocaine) or a general medical condition (eg, Huntington disease or postviral encephalitis)

  • Criteria have never been met for Tourette’s Disorder


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