Which causes of secondary headache should be included in the differential diagnoses of migraine in children?

Updated: Aug 15, 2019
  • Author: William C Robertson, Jr, MD; Chief Editor: Amy Kao, MD  more...
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Secondary headaches represent a manifestation of some underlying pathologic process. Diagnostic possibilities range from benign to life threatening and include the following:

  • Intracranial and extracranial infections

  • Intracranial mass lesions

  • Head or neck trauma

  • Febrile illness - Eg, influenza

  • Meningitis

  • Encephalitis

  • Sinusitis

  • Dental abscess

  • Subarachnoid hemorrhage

  • Hypertension

A patient with a diagnosed primary headache disorder may also present subsequently with a secondary headache disorder.

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