What are the sexual predilections of migraine in children?

Updated: Aug 15, 2019
  • Author: William C Robertson, Jr, MD; Chief Editor: Amy Kao, MD  more...
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Migraine headaches are found in 5-10% of school-aged children. Most migraineurs begin to experience their attacks when younger than 20 years. Approximately 20% of migraine patients experience their first attack before age 5 years.

Migraine begins earlier in boys (age 7y) than girls (age 11y). From infancy to age 7 years, boys are affected slightly more often than girls.

The prevalence of migraine increases during the adolescent and young-adult years, during which 20-30% of young women and 10-20% of young men experience migraine attacks.

After menarche, a female predominance occurs and continues to increase until middle age. Migraine declines in both sexes by age 50 years.

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