What is included in a diabetes-focused physical exam?

Updated: Jul 13, 2021
  • Author: Romesh Khardori, MD, PhD, FACP; Chief Editor: George T Griffing, MD  more...
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Early in the course of diabetes mellitus, the physical examination findings are likely to be unrevealing. Ultimately, however, end-organ damage may be observed. Potential findings are listed in the image below.

Possible physical examination findings in patients Possible physical examination findings in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

A diabetes-focused examination includes vital signs, funduscopic examination, limited vascular and neurologic examinations, and a foot assessment. Other organ systems should be examined as indicated by the patient's clinical situation.

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