How does low birth weight affect the risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

Updated: Oct 23, 2019
  • Author: Romesh Khardori, MD, PhD, FACP; Chief Editor: George T Griffing, MD  more...
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Answer

In addition, an in utero environment resulting in low birth weight may predispose some individuals to develop type 2 diabetes mellitus. [39, 40, 41] Infant weight velocity has a small, indirect effect on adult insulin resistance, and this is primarily mediated through its effect on BMI and waist circumference. [42]


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