Which medications are used in the treatment of Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS)?

Updated: Dec 26, 2018
  • Author: Masanori Takeoka, MD; Chief Editor: George I Jallo, MD  more...
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Answer

Medical therapy in patients with Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) involves many agents, including beta-blockers, carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, and prostaglandin analogues, that can be used to lower the intraocular pressure (IOP). Medical therapy can be used as an initial treatment, especially in late-onset glaucoma, but surgical therapy is the initial therapy in early onset cases.

Aqueous suppressants are typically used for initial medical therapy. Prostaglandin analogues may not be as effective in these patients, because the episcleral venous pressure is often elevated by dilated, tortuous episcleral veins. Corticosteroids are used to reduce inflammation.


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