How is glaucoma characterized in Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS)?

Updated: Dec 26, 2018
  • Author: Masanori Takeoka, MD; Chief Editor: George I Jallo, MD  more...
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Answer

Glaucoma is almost always unilateral and ipsilateral to the PWS, although contralateral or bilateral glaucoma with unilateral cutaneous lesions has been reported. The occurrence of glaucoma has been especially noted when the facial skin changes involve the upper and lower eyelids.

Glaucomatous damage, as well as degenerative changes in the outer retinal layers and vascular abnormalities in the occipital lobe, may cause visual field defects. Careful visual field perimetry is indicated.


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