Which physical findings are characteristic of Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS)?

Updated: Dec 26, 2018
  • Author: Masanori Takeoka, MD; Chief Editor: George I Jallo, MD  more...
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Answer

Physical signs of SWS are as follows:

  • Port-wine stain (PWS; see the image below)

    A child with Sturge-Weber syndrome with bilateral A child with Sturge-Weber syndrome with bilateral facial port-wine stain.
  • Macrocephaly

  • Ocular manifestations

  • Soft-tissue hypertrophy

  • Hemiparesis

  • Visual loss

  • Hemianopsia

When a typical facial vascular skin lesion is found in a newborn, it should alert the physician to perform a complete ophthalmic and systemic assessment for the potentially serious associated disorders.


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