Which neurological findings are characteristic of Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS)?

Updated: Dec 26, 2018
  • Author: Masanori Takeoka, MD; Chief Editor: George I Jallo, MD  more...
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Answer

Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) is generally diagnosed on clinical grounds by the association of the typical cutaneous, CNS, and ocular abnormalities. Neurological signs include the following:

  • Developmental delay/intellectual disability

  • Learning problems

  • Attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder

Children with bisymptomatic or trisymptomatic SWS may, however, initially seem neurologically normal and have no symptoms of glaucoma or other ocular manifestations. In some instances, therefore, the diagnosis may not become clear for an extended period of time.


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