What is the prevalence of headaches in Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS)?

Updated: Dec 26, 2018
  • Author: Masanori Takeoka, MD; Chief Editor: George I Jallo, MD  more...
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Answer

Occurring secondary to vascular disease, these have the symptoms of a migraine headache and are considered "symptomatic migraines."

In the aforementioned study by the Sturge-Weber Foundation, headaches occurred in 132 (77%) of 171 of patients of all ages and in 28 (62%) of 45 adults. In reports by Maria et al, headaches occurred in 60% of patients. [22, 46, 1]

In a specific study of headaches in SWS reported by Klapper, 71 patients identified by the Sturge-Weber Foundation responded to a questionnaire about headaches. [48] Migraine headache occurred in 28% of patients, and neurologic deficits occurred in 58% of these patients during the migraine. The prevalence of migraine was 31% in children younger than 10 years, much greater than the 5% prevalence in the general population.


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