How does status epilepticus affect the prognosis of Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS)?

Updated: Dec 26, 2018
  • Author: Masanori Takeoka, MD; Chief Editor: George I Jallo, MD  more...
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Answer

Prolonged seizures cause neurologic injury secondary to metabolic disturbances such as hypoxemia, hypoglycemia, hypotension, ischemia, and hyperthermia.

In an already compromised vascular system, such as a vascular steal from the angioma, seizures are more likely to cause injury, even when short. Episodes of status epilepticus are, therefore, especially dangerous in SWS. [41]


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