What is the prognosis of Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS)?

Updated: Dec 26, 2018
  • Author: Masanori Takeoka, MD; Chief Editor: George I Jallo, MD  more...
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The development of seizures and their age of onset may correlate with the degree of neurologic involvement. Neurologic dysfunction increases with bilateral PWS. Patients may experience complications related to refractory seizures and anticonvulsants, they may suffer visual loss and blindness from glaucoma, and they may display cosmetic deformities and other manifestations of soft-tissue involvement.

The glaucoma associated with SWS is a significant cause of morbidity because of its early onset and resistance to conventional forms of treatment. Glaucoma has been estimated to occur in 30-71% of patients with Sturge-Weber syndrome.

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